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Why Are Women Living Longer Than Men?
Why Are Women Living Longer Than Men?
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Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What is the reason women are more likely to live longer than men? Why is this difference growing as time passes? The evidence isn't conclusive and we have only partial solutions. Although we know that there are behavioral, biological as well as environmental factors that play an integral role in women living longer than men, we don't know how much each factor contributes.





We are aware that women live longer than men, regardless of their weight. However it is not because of certain biological or non-biological factors have changed. These factors are changing. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. There are others that are more intricate. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for ابر التخسيس ( survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.





Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men



The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. We can see that every country is above the diagonal parity line , which means that in every country the newborn girl is likely to live for longer than a newborn boy.1





This chart shows that, while there is a female advantage throughout the world, the differences between countries could be significant. In Russia, women live for 10 years longer than males. In Bhutan the gap is just half a year.











In wealthy countries, ابر التخسيس the female advantage in longevity was not as great.



We will now examine how the advantage of women in longevity has changed with time. The following chart shows the male and female life expectancies at the birth in the US between 1790 until 2014. Two distinct points stand out.





There is an upward trend. and women in the US live a lot, much longer than they did 100 years ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.





The second is that there is an ever-widening gap: female advantage in terms of life expectancy used be extremely small however, it has increased significantly over the last century.





You can verify that these principles are also applicable to other countries that have data by clicking the "Change country" option on the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.


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